Sweden Could Take an Initiative Against the War
By Jan Myrdal
According to the speech, made by its president in the evening of the 17th of
March, 2003, the United States is planning to wage an armed attack against
Iraq within a few days. The purpose of this attack is, according to the words
of the president, to remove the Iraqi head of state and to occupy the
Such a war of aggression constitutes a violation of International Law.
Further, it stands in open contradiction to the main principles of The United
Nations as formulated in its constitution of the 26th of June, 1945
(specifically, it constitutes a violation of Chapter I, article 2, paragraph
4 and 7). Should the United States commence this war its state leadership will
be committing a crime against peace.
This war, announced by President Bush, in order to enforce a change of regime
in Iraq, could not – not even applying the most diabolic diplomatic advocacy
- be represented as being in agreement with previous resolutions on the
disarmament of Iraq, taken by the Security Council. This is the reason why the
United States has failed to gain the support to the war from a majority of the
Security Council. The majority of the Security Council, the permanent members
France, China and Russia inclusive, has recommended that the arms inspectors
should continue to fulfil their task. In this respect the majority of the
Security Council is enjoying the support of the overwhelming majority of the
member states of the United Nations.
In this situation the Swedish government may be in the position to take a
necessary initiative. Sweden might make use of the respect it is enjoying in
large parts of the so called Third world from its long tradition of a politics
of non-alliance, as well as of the good relations Sweden as a state is
maintaining with permanent members of the Security Council, such as France,
China and Russia.
The Swedish government should instruct its representative in the United
Nations, Ambassador Pierre Schori, to address the members of the Security
Council, demanding that they resolve to stop this action by the United States
and, in case the acts of war have already commenced, to resolve that the
United States (and Great Britain plus, possibly, other states) should cease
all acts of war immediately, withdrawing their armed forces. Should the United
States veto such a resolution the Security Council should (as when France and
Great Britain was using their veto against the Security Council´s resolution
urging them to cease all acts of combat against Egypt during the Suez war)
summon the General Assembly, according to the Resolution 377 of 1950, in order
to take a decision urging a cessation of all acts of war by the United States
and its allies.
At the same time, the Swedish Government should instruct all its diplomatic
representatives in all states to make use of the emergency exit opening in the
event the Security Council should become dead-locked due to the pressure
applied by the United States, to exercise their right to ask for an immediate
summoning of the General Assembly.
In doing so the Swedish government - supported by the will of the
overwhelming majority of the Swedish people and by the world opinion as well,
could contribute to the cancellation of this criminal war. At the same time it
could ensure that the United Nations is living up to its constitution.
Translated by Hans Isaksson
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